#416: Emergency Medicine: Emergency Department Utilization of CT for Minor Blunt Head Trauma for Patients Aged 2 through 17 Years

Quality ID

416

High Priority Measure

Yes

Specifications

Registry

Measure Type

Efficiency

Specialty

Emergency Medicine

Measure description

Percentage of emergency department visits for patients aged 2 through 17 years who presented within 24 hours of a minor blunt head trauma with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 and who had a head CT for trauma ordered by an emergency care provider who are classified as low risk according to the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) prediction rules for traumatic brain injury

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted for each denominator eligible visit for patients aged 2 through 17 years who present to the emergency department with a minor blunt head trauma during the performance period. It is anticipated that eligible clinicians who provide care in the emergency department will submit this measure.

Measure Submission:

The listed denominator criteria is used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted for registry submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those registries that utilize claims data.

 

Denominator

All emergency department visits for patients aged 2 through 17 years who presented within 24 hours of a minor blunt head trauma with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 and who had a head CT for trauma ordered by an emergency care provider*

DENOMINATOR NOTE: *This measure looks to determine if an emergency care provider ordered head CT services typically provided under CPT code 70450.

Definitions:

Presented within 24 hours – The 24 hour timeframe is based on the time of injury reported by the patient or guardian

Minor Blunt Head Trauma – Includes only non-penetrating injuries

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged 2 through 17 years on date of encounter

AND

Diagnosis for minor blunt head trauma (ICD-10-CM): S00.03XA, S00.33XA, S00.431A, S00.432A, S00.439A, S00.531A, S00.532A, S00.83XA, S00.93XA, S02.0XXA, S02.101A, S02.102A, S02.109A, S02.110A, S02.111A, S02.112A, S02.113A, S02.118A, S02.119A, S02.11AA, S02.11BA, S02.11CA, S02.11DA, S02.11EA, S02.11FA, S02.11GA, S02.11HA, S02.19XA, S02.2XXA, S02.30XA, S02.31XA, S02.32XA, S02.400A, S02.401A, S02.402A, S02.40AA, S02.40BA, S02.40CA, S02.40DA, S02.40EA, S02.40FA, S02.411A, S02.412A, S02.413A, S02.42XA, S02.600A, S02.601A, S02.602A, S02.609A, S02.610A, S02.611A, S02.612A, S02.620A, S02.621A, S02.622A, S02.630A, S02.631A, S02.632A, S02.640A, S02.641A, S02.642A, S02.650A, S02.651A, S02.652A, S02.66XA, S02.670A, S02.671A, S02.672A, S02.69XA, S02.80XA, S02.81XA, S02.82XA, S02.91XA, S02.92XA, S06.0X0A, S06.0X1A, S06.0X9A, S06.1X0A, S06.1X1A, S06.1X2A, S06.1X3A, S06.1X4A, S06.1X9A, S06.2X0A, S06.2X1A, S06.2X2A, S06.2X3A, S06.2X4A, S06.2X9A, S06.300A, S06.301A, S06.302A, S06.303A, S06.304A, S06.309A, S06.340A, S06.341A, S06.342A, S06.343A, S06.344A, S06.349A, S06.350A, S06.351A, S06.352A, S06.353A, S06.354A, S06.359A, S06.360A, S06.361A, S06.362A, S06.363A, S06.364A, S06.369A, S06.4X0A, S06.4X1A, S06.4X2A, S06.4X3A, S06.4X4A, S06.4X9A, S06.5X0A, S06.5X1A, S06.5X2A, S06.5X3A, S06.5X4A, S06.5X9A, S06.6X0A, S06.6X1A, S06.6X2A, S06.6X3A, S06.6X4A, S06.6X9A, S06.810A, S06.811A, S06.812A, S06.813A, S06.814A, S06.819A, S06.820A, S06.821A, S06.822A, S06.823A, S06.824A, S06.829A, S06.890A, S06.891A, S06.892A, S06.893A, S06.894A, S06.899A, S06.9X0A, S06.9X1A, S06.9X2A, S06.9X3A, S06.9X4A, S06.9X9A, S09.10XA, S09.11XA, S09.19XA, S09.8XXA, S09.90XA, S09.92XA, S09.93XA, S10.0XXA, S10.83XA, S10.93XA

AND

Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 99281, 99282, 99283, 99284, 99285

AND

Patient presented within 24 hours of a minor blunt head trauma with a GCS score of 15 and had a head CT ordered for trauma by an emergency care provider: G9594

AND NOT

DENOMINATOR EXCLUSION:

Patient has documentation of ventricular shunt, brain tumor, coagulopathy, including thrombocytopenia: G9595

 

Numerator

Emergency department visits for patients who are classified as low risk according to the PECARN prediction rules for traumatic brain injury

Definition:

Low Risk for Traumatic Brain Injury according to PECARN predication rules –

Patients can be classified as low risk if all of the following are met:

  • No signs of altered mental status (e.g., agitation, somnolence, repetitive questioning, slow response to verbal communication)
  • No signs of basilar skull fracture (signs include haemotympanum, “raccoon” eyes, cerebrospinal fluid leakage from the ear or nose, Battle’s sign)
  • No loss of consciousness
  • No vomiting
  • No severe mechanism of injury (i.e., motor vehicle crash with patient ejection, death of another passenger, or rollover; pedestrian or bicyclist without helmet struck by a motorized vehicle; falls of more than 5 feet; or head struck by a high-impact object)
  • No severe headache

Numerator Instructions:

INVERSE MEASURE - A lower calculated performance rate for this measure indicates better clinical care or control. The “Performance Not Met” numerator option for this measure is the representation of the better clinical quality or control. Submitting that numerator option will produce a performance rate that trends closer to 0%, as quality increases. For inverse measures, a rate of 100% means all of the denominator eligible patients did not receive the appropriate care or were not in proper control.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Pediatric patient with minor blunt head trauma classified as low risk according to the PECARN prediction rules (G9593)

OR

Performance Not Met: Pediatric patient with minor blunt head trauma not classified as low risk according to the PECARN prediction rules (G9597)

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