#102: Prostate Cancer: Avoidance of Overuse of Bone Scan for Staging Low Risk Prostate Cancer Patients

Quality ID

102

eMeasure ID

CMS129v8

NQF

0389

High Priority Measure

Yes

Specifications

EHR Registry

Measure Type

Process

Specialty

Oncology Radiation Oncology Urology

Measure Description

Percentage of patients, regardless of age, with a diagnosis of prostate cancer at low (or very low) risk of recurrence receiving interstitial prostate brachytherapy, OR external beam radiotherapy to the prostate, OR radical prostatectomy, OR cryotherapy who did not have a bone scan performed at any time since diagnosis of prostate cancer

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted once per episode of treatment (i.e., interstitial prostate brachytherapy, OR external beam radiotherapy to the prostate, OR radical prostatectomy, OR cryotherapy) for all male patients with prostate cancer who receive interstitial prostate brachytherapy, external beam radiotherapy to the prostate, radical prostatectomy, or cryotherapy during the performance period. Each episode of radiation therapy in an eligible patient receiving external beam radiotherapy to the prostate occurring during the performance period will be counted when calculating the data completeness and performance rates. The quality-data code or equivalent needs to be submitted only once during the episode of radiation therapy (e.g., 8 weeks of therapy). It is anticipated that Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the listed procedures as specified in the denominator coding will submit this measure.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. . For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.

 

Denominator

All patients, regardless of age, with a diagnosis of prostate cancer at low (or very low) risk of recurrence receiving interstitial prostate brachytherapy, OR external beam radiotherapy to the prostate, OR radical prostatectomy, OR cryotherapy

Definitions:

Risk Strata: Very Low, Low, Intermediate, High, or Very High

Very Low/Low Risk – PSA < 10 ng/mL; AND Gleason score 6 or less/Gleason grade group 1; AND clinical stage T1 to T2a.

Intermediate Risk – PSA 10 to 20 ng/mL; OR Gleason score 7/Gleason grade group 2-3; OR clinical stage T2b to T2c. Note: Patients with multiple adverse factors may be shifted into the high/very high risk category.

High/Very High Risk – PSA > 20 ng/mL; OR Gleason score 8 to 10/Gleason grade group 4-5; OR clinically localized stage T3 to T4. (adapted from NCCN, 2017)

External beam radiotherapy – external beam radiotherapy refers to 3D conformal radiation therapy (3D- CRT), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), and proton beam therapy.

Bone scan – bone scan refers to the conventional technetium-99m-MDP bone scan as well as 18F-NaF PET (or PET/CT) scan.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Any male patient, regardless of age

AND

Diagnosis for prostate cancer (ICD-10-CM): C61

AND

Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 55810, 55812, 55815, 55840, 55842, 55845, 55866, 55873, 55875, 77427, 77435, 77772, 77778, 77799

AND

Low (or very low) risk of recurrence, prostate cancer: G9706

 

Numerator

Patients who did not have a bone scan performed at any time since diagnosis of prostate cancer

Numerator Instructions:

A higher score indicates appropriate treatment of patients with prostate cancer at low (or very low) risk of recurrence.

NUMERATOR NOTE: Denominator Exception(s) are determined any time after diagnosis of Prostate Cancer.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Bone scan not performed prior to initiation of treatment nor at any time since diagnosis of prostate cancer (3270F)

OR

Denominator Exception: Documentation of medical reason(s) for performing a bone scan (including documented pain, salvage therapy, other medical reasons) (3269F with 1P)

OR

Denominator Exception: Documentation of system reason(s) for performing a bone scan (including bone scan ordered by someone other than the reporting physician) (3269F with 3P)

OR

Performance Not Met: Bone scan performed prior to initiation of treatment or at any time since diagnosis of prostate cancer (3269F)

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