2024 MIPS Value Pathways (MVPs)

The MIPS Value Pathways (MVPs) is a reporting structure available for the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) during 2024. The MVP framework is intended to ease the reporting burden on clinicians and groups by aligning measures and activities across the Quality, Cost, and Improvement Activities categories of MIPS that are more relevant to a clinician’s scope of practice. MVPs are composed of Quality measures (including one outcome measure [or high-priority measure if an outcome measure is not applicable]), Improvement Activities, and Cost measures relevant to the condition, specialty, or patient population. MVPs also include a foundational layer made up of population health measures and the Promoting Interoperability performance category measures. 

CMS has finalized a total of 16 MVPs for the 2024 performance year:

CMS plans to expand MVPs to include more specialties and subspecialties that participate in MIPS in future years.

Who Can Report MVPs?

MVPs can be reported by the following list of participants:

MVP Participation Options
2023 to 2025 performance years
  • Individual clinicians
  • Single specialty groups
  • Multispecialty groups*
  • Subgroups
  • APM Entities
2026 performance year and for future years
  • Individual clinicians
  • Single specialty groups
  • Subgroups
  • APM Entities

Medicare Part B claims will be used for determining specialty type. A single-specialty group is defined as a group that consists of one specialty type as determined by CMS using Medicare Part B claims, and a multispecialty group as a group that consists of 2 or more specialty types as determined by CMS using Medicare Part B claims.

What is the MVP Registration Process?

Individuals, groups, and APM entities reporting MVPs will have to register with CMS as MVP participants between April 1st and November 30th of the performance year. Groups, subgroups, or APM entities that plan to report the CAHPS for MIPS survey will have to complete their registration by June 30th to align with the CAHPS for MIPS registration deadline. 

MVP Participants will select the following at the time of registration:

  • The MVP they intend to report.
  • One population health measure included in the MVP.  
  • An outcomes-based administrative claims measure on which the MVP Participant intends to be scored, if available within the MVP.

At the time of registration, clinicians will also select if they want to submit as a subgroup.  In addition to the required MVP registration information outlined above, the subgroup registration must also include:

  • A list of Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TINs)/National Provider Identifiers (NPIs) in the subgroup;
  • A plain language name for the subgroup (which will be used for public reporting);
  • A description of the composition of the subgroup, which may be selected from a list or described in a narrative.

Participants will not be able to make changes to the MVP they select after the close of the registration period on November 30th.

What is Subgroup Reporting?

Subgroups will consist of a subset of a group that contains at least one MIPS eligible clinician and is identified by a combination of the group TIN, the subgroup identifier, and each eligible clinician’s NPI. CMS is limiting subgroup reporting only to clinicians reporting through MVPs or APM Performance Pathway (APP). Subgroup reporting will be voluntary for the 2023, 2024, and 2025 performance years. Multispecialty groups will be required to form subgroups in order to report MVPs beginning in 2026. 

CMS is using the initial 12-month segment of the 24-month MIPS determination period to determine the eligibility of clinicians intending to participate and register as a subgroup. Subgroups would have the same eligibility and special status determinations of the affiliated group (identified by TIN). CMS will not allow voluntary reporters, opt-in eligible clinicians, and virtual groups to report MVPs for the 2024 performance year due to implementation challenges. To participate as a subgroup, the TIN would have to exceed the low-volume threshold at the group level (subgroups wouldn’t be evaluated for the low-volume threshold at the subgroup level). 

What are the MVP Reporting Requirements?

Under the MVP framework, clinicians will report on measures and activities that reflect an episode of care or clinical condition. The MVP will incorporate a foundational layer consisting of Promoting Interoperability and administrative claims-based quality measures focused on population health. Additionally, each MVP will include clinically relevant measures and activities for the Quality, Improvement Activities, and Cost categories.

MVP Reporting Requirements
Quality CategoryImprovement Activities CategoryCost Category

MVP participant selects 4 quality measures (1 must be an outcome or a high priority measure).

*If applicable, an administrative claims measure that is outcome-based may be
selected to meet the outcome measure requirement.


MVP participant selects:

-Two medium-weighted
improvement activities
-One high- weighted improvement
-Participates in a certified or
recognized patient-centered
medical home (PCMH) or
comparable specialty practice

CMS will calculate performance exclusively on the cost measures that are 
included in the MVP using administrative claims data. 
Foundational Layer
Population Health Measures*
  • An MVP participant selects 1 population health measure to be scored on at the time of MVP registration. The results are added to the quality performance category score.
Promoting Interoperability (PI) Performance Category
  • MVP participants will report on the same PI measures required under traditional MIPS unless they qualified for automatic reweighting or had an approved hardship exception.

*There are two population health measures available for selection for the 2024 performance year:

  • Q479: Hospital-Wide, 30-day, All-Cause Unplanned Readmission (HWR) Rate for the MIPS Eligible Clinician Groups
  • Q484: Clinician and Clinician Group Risk-standardized Hospital Admission Rates for Patients with Multiple Chronic Conditions  

Subgroup Scoring

CMS will calculate and score administrative claims measures at the TIN level, not at the subgroup level:

  • Foundational Layer (MVP Agnostic) - For each selected population health measure in an MVP, subgroups would be assigned the affiliated group’s score, if available. In instances where a group score is not available, each such measure would be excluded from the subgroup’s final score.
  • Quality Performance Category - For each selected outcomes-based administrative claims measure in an MVP, subgroups would be assigned the affiliated group’s score, if available. In instances where a group score is not available, each such measure would be assigned a zero score.
  • Cost Performance Category -  Subgroups would be assigned the affiliated group’s cost score, if available for the cost performance category in an MVP. In instances where a group score is not available, each such measure would be excluded from the subgroup’s final score.

CMS will not assign a score for a subgroup that registers but does not submit data as a subgroup.

Next Steps

MVPs are a new optional way to meet MIPS reporting requirements during with the 2024 performance year. The new MVP framework is intended to allow MVP participants to report on a smaller subset of measures and activities (within the measures and activities available for traditional MIPS) that are relevant to a specialty, clinical condition, or episode of care.  Contact us today if you are interested in reporting a MVP in 2024.

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