2021 MIPS IA_PM_12: Population empanelment

Activity ID


Activity Weighting


Subcategory Name

Population Management

Activity Description

Empanel (assign responsibility for) the total population, linking each patient to a MIPS eligible clinician or group or care team.

Empanelment is a series of processes that assign each active patient to a MIPS eligible clinician or group and/or care team, confirm assignment with patients and clinicians, and use the resultant patient panels as a foundation for individual patient and population health management. 

Empanelment identifies the patients and population for whom the MIPS eligible clinician or group and/or care team is responsible and is the foundation for the relationship continuity between patient and MIPS eligible clinician or group /care team that is at the heart of comprehensive primary care. Effective empanelment requires identification of the “active population” of the practice: those patients who identify and use your practice as a source for primary care. There are many ways to define “active patients” operationally, but generally, the definition of “active patients” includes patients who have sought care within the last 24 to 36 months, allowing inclusion of younger patients who have minimal acute or preventive health care.


Strengthen patient-clinician relationships, making it possible to provide comprehensive, patient-centered primary care.

Suggested Documentation

Evidence of patient population empanelment including use of panels for health management. Include both of the following elements:

1) Active population empanelment – Identification and selected operational definition of "active population" of the practice with empanelment and assignment confirmation linking patients to eligible clinician or care team (e.g., electronic health record report, Excel document); AND
2) Process for updating panel – Documented policy and/or process for review and update of panel assignments (e.g., detailed policy about frequency of review, stepwise guidance document for how to empanel new patients or reassign existing patients).

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