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2021 MIPS Measure #342: Pain Brought Under Control Within 48 Hours

Quality ID 342
NQF 0209
High Priority Measure Yes
Specifications Registry
Measure Type Outcome
Specialty Family Medicine Internal Medicine

Measure Description

Patients aged 18 and older who report being uncomfortable because of pain at the initial assessment (after admission to palliative care services) who report pain was brought to a comfortable level within 48 hours

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients admitted for palliative care services during the performance period. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.

 

Denominator

Patients aged 18 and older admitted to palliative care services who communicated and self-reported that they were uncomfortable due to pain at the initial assessment (by responding “yes” when asked if they were uncomfortable because of pain)

Definition:

Palliative Care – Patient and family-centered care that optimizes quality of life by anticipating, preventing, and treating suffering. Palliative care throughout the continuum of illness involves addressing physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual needs and to facilitate patient autonomy, access to information, and choice.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged 18 and older

AND

Patient encounter during performance period (CPT): 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99221, 99222, 99223, 99231, 99232, 99233, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99324, 99325, 99326, 99327, 99328, 99334, 99335, 99336, 99337, 99341, 99342, 99343, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350, 99490, 99495, 99496

AND

Patient admitted to palliative care services: M1017

AND

Patient able to Communicate and Understand the Language of the Person Asking

AND

Patient Self-Reported Uncomfortable due to Pain at the Initial Assessment

 

Numerator

Patients whose pain was brought to a comfortable level within 48 hours of initial assessment (after admission to palliative care services)

Definitions:

Comfortable Level – For the purpose of reporting this measure, achievement of comfort should be assessed as defined by the patient’s response (of “yes” or “no” when asked if their pain was brought to a comfortable level within 48 hours after the initial assessment)

Within 48 Hours – The look-back window for the pain management measure question is 48 hours. The follow up measure question should be asked between 48 to 72 hours from the initial evaluation. The follow up question should not be asked prior to 48 hours.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Documentation of patient pain brought to a comfortable level within 48 hours from initial assessment (G9250)

OR

Performance Not Met: Documentation of patient with pain not brought to a comfortable level within 48 hours from initialassessment (G9251)

 

Rationale

Poorly controlled pain diminishes patient quality of life and functional status, and causes suffering for patients and family caregivers. Pain is highly prevalent in the palliative care population, so the timely evaluation and treatment of pain at the start of palliative services is a priority. This measure is particularly important because it ensures integration of patient choice for desired level of treatment with the care process by incorporating the patient’s own pain goals and perception of his or her own degree of comfort. If pain is an individual experience with an individual response, then the decision of what is comfortable should be left up to the individual, not determined arbitrarily by a clinician. It’s more consistent with patient-centered care to ask the patient to decide how comfortable he/she wants to be, rather than aim for a specific numeric pain intensity rating, even if that rating can be linked to functionality. The Comfortable Dying measure also allows for a broader conceptualization of pain than use of a measure that relies solely on a numeric intensity rating.


Clinical Recommendation Statements

This measure is designed to evaluate the effectiveness and timeliness of initial pain management after the start of palliative care services. Pain control may be immediate but pain management occurs over time. Therefore, the lookback window for follow-up after the initial pain assessment is 48 hours. The clinician should contact the patient the number of times and at intervals as clinically appropriate for good pain management practice. But the patient should not be asked the follow-up question for the purpose of data collection to inform the measure numerator until at least 48 hours after the initial assessment.

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