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2020 MIPS Measure #405: Appropriate Follow-up Imaging for Incidental Abdominal Lesions

Quality ID

405

High Priority Measure

Yes

Specifications

Registry

Measure Type

Process

Specialty

Diagnostic Radiology

Measure Description

Percentage of final reports for imaging studies for patients aged 18 years and older with one or more of the following noted incidentally with a specific recommendation for no follow‐up imaging recommended based on radiological findings:

• Cystic renal lesion that is simple appearing* (Bosniak I or II)
• Adrenal lesion less than or equal to 1.0 cm
• Adrenal lesion greater than 1.0 cm but less than or equal to 4.0 cm classified as likely benign by unenhanced CT or washout protocol CT, or MRI with in- and opposed-phase sequences or other equivalent institutional imaging protocols

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted each time a patient undergoes an imaging study with an incidental abdominal lesion finding during the performance period. There is no diagnosis associated with this measure. It is anticipated that Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who provide the professional component of diagnostic imaging studies will submit this measure.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.

 

Denominator

All final reports for imaging studies for patients aged 18 years and older with one or more of the following incidentally noted:

• Cystic renal lesion that is simple appearing (Bosniak I or II)
OR
• Adrenal lesion less than or equal to 1.0 cm
OR
• Adrenal lesion greater than 1.0 cm but less than or equal to 4.0 cm classified as likely benign by unenhanced CT or washout protocol CT, or MRI with in- and opposed-phase sequences or other equivalent institutional imaging protocols

DENOMINATOR NOTE: The intent of this measure is to ensure patients with incidental findings that are highly likely to be benign do not receive follow up imaging routinely. Denominator eligible patients would be those for whom one or more of the following incidental findings is noted in the final report:

• Cystic renal lesion that is simple appearing* (Bosniak I or II)
• Adrenal lesion less than or equal to 1.0 cm
• Adrenal lesion greater than 1.0 cm but less than or equal to 4.0 cm classified as likely benign by unenhanced CT or washout protocol CT, or MRI with in- and opposed-phase sequences or other equivalent institutional imaging protocols

* “Simple-appearing criteria”:
• Incidental renal mass on non-contrast enhanced abdominal CT that does not contain fat, is homogenous in appearance, -10-20 HU or ≥70 HU. (ACR, 2017)
• Incidental renal mass on contrast-enhanced abdominal CT that does not contain fat, is homogenous in appearance, -10-20 HU. (ACR, 2017)

Radiologists may choose not to include in the radiology report benign-appearing renal cysts (Bosniak I or II or equivalent*) or cystic lesions that are too small to characterize (TSTC) but likely benign (a lesion is too small to characterize (TSTC) when the lesion size is less than twice reconstructed slice thickness (ACR, 2017).

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged ≥ 18 years on date of encounter

AND

Patient procedure during the performance period (CPT): 71250, 71260, 71270, 71275, 71555, 72131, 72191, 72192, 72193, 72194, 72195, 72196, 72197, 72198, 74150, 74160, 74170, 74176, 74177, 74178, 74181, 74182, 74183, 76700, 76705, 76770, 76775, G0297

AND

Incidental finding: Cystic renal lesion that is simple appearing (Bosniak I or II), or Adrenal lesion less than or equal to 1.0 cm or Adrenal lesion greater than 1.0 cm but less than or equal to 4.0 cm classified as likely benign by unenhanced CT or washout protocol CT, or MRI with in- and opposed-phase sequences or other equivalent institutional imaging protocols: G9547

 

Numerator

Final reports for imaging studies that include a description of incidental cystic renal lesion or adrenal lesion stating follow-up imaging is not recommended

Numerator Instructions:

A short note can be made in the final report, such as:

• “No follow-up imaging is recommended as incidental lesions are likely benign” or
• “No follow-up imaging is recommended per consensus recommendations based on imaging criteria. Further lab evaluation could be pursued based on clinical findings.”

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Final reports for imaging studies stating no follow-up imaging is recommended (G9548)

OR

Denominator Exception: Documentation of medical reason(s) that follow-up imaging is indicated (e.g., patient has lymphadenopathy, signs of metastasis or an active diagnosis or history of cancer, and other medical reason(s) (G9549)

OR

Performance Not Met: Final reports for imaging studies with follow-up imaging recommended (G9550)

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