Percentage of patients undergoing surgical repair of pelvic organ prolapse that is complicated by a bowel injury at the time of index surgery that is recognized intraoperatively or within 30 days after surgery
This measure is to be submitted each time a pelvic organ prolapse repair surgery is performed during the performance period ending November 30th. There is no diagnosis associated with this measure. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.
Measure Submission Type:
Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.
All patients undergoing anterior, posterior or apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery
Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):
All patients, regardless of age
Patient procedure during the performance period (CPT): 45560, 57106, 57110, 57120, 57200, 57210, 57240, 57250, 57260, 57265, 57268, 57270, 57280, 57282, 57283, 57284, 57285, 57289, 57423, 57425, 57545, 57555, 57556, 58263, 58270, 58280, 58292, 58294, 58400, 58410
The number of patients undergoing prolapse repair who sustain a bowel injury that necessitates repair either intraoperatively or within 30 days after surgery
INVERSE MEASURE - A lower calculated performance rate for this measure indicates better clinical care or control. The “Performance Not Met” numerator option for this measure is the representation of the better clinical quality or control. Submitting that numerator option will produce a performance rate that trends closer to 0%, as quality increases. For inverse measures, a rate of 100% means all of the denominator eligible patients did not receive the appropriate care or were not in proper control.
NUMERATOR NOTE: In order to meet the measure, bowel injury is sustained as a result of the prolapse surgery.
Performance Met: Patient sustained bowel injury at the time of surgery or discovered subsequently up to 30 days post-surgery (G9628)
Denominator Exception: Documented medical reasons for not reporting bowel injury (e.g. gynecologic or other pelvic malignancy documented, planned (e.g. not due to an unexpected bowel injury) resection and/or re-anastomosis of bowel, or patient death from non-medical causes not related to surgery, patient died during procedure without evidence of bowel injury) (G9629)
Performance Not Met: Patient did not sustain a bowel injury at the time of surgery nor discovered subsequently up to 30 days post-surgery (G9630)
There are numerous approaches to surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse- vaginal, open, laparoscopic and robotic. The incidence of visceral injury ranges from 0.1-4% (SGS Systemic Review Obstet Gynecol 2008:112: 1131- 1142), depending on the approach, with high potential for morbidity. Unrecognized injury to the intestine increases the risk of mortality from 2 to 23% (Chapron et al. J Am Coll Surg. 1991;185:461-465, Baggish, MS J Gynecol Surg. 2003;19:63-73). It is critically important for surgeons who are performing these procedures to recognize and repair any visceral injuries intraoperatively, in order to minimize postoperative morbidity, includingthe need for subsequent surgical intervention to address these complications. Surgeons benefit from interventions to improve the quality of their surgical care if they have a higher than expected rate of visceral injury during pelvic organ prolapse repair.
Clinical Recommendation Statements
There are numerous approaches to surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse- vaginal, open, laparoscopic and robotic. The incidence of visceral injury ranges from 0.1-4% (SGS Systemic Review Obstet Gynecol 2008: 112: 1131- 1142) depending on the approach with high potential for morbidity. Unrecognized injury to the intestine increases the risk of mortality from 2 to 23 % (Chapron et al. J Am Coll Surg. 1991;185:461-465, Baggish, MS J Gynecol Surg. 2003;19:63-73).
1. SGS Systemic Review Obstet Gynecol 2008: 112: 1131- 1142
2. Chapron et al. J Am Coll Surg. 1991;185:461-465,
3. Baggish, MS J Gynecol Surg. 2003;19:63-73
4. Husch, T et al Int J Surg 2016; 33 Pt A:36-41