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2020 MIPS Measure #471: Functional Status After Lumbar Discectomy/Laminectomy

Quality ID

471

High Priority Measure

Yes

Specifications

Registry

Measure Type

Outcome

Specialty

Neurosurgery Orthopedic Surgery

Measure Description

For patients age 18 and older who had lumbar discectomy/laminectomy procedure, functional status is rated by the patient as less than or equal to 22 OR a change of 30 points or greater on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) * at three months (6 to 20 weeks) postoperatively
* hereafter referred to as ODI

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted each time a patient undergoes a lumbar discectomy/laminectomy during the denominator identification period. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: This measure is a target-based measure with two ways to meet the numerator; either a postoperative ODI score that is less than or equal to 22 OR a change of 30 points or greater from the preoperative to postoperative score. It is expressed as a proportion or rate. Patients having received a lumbar discectomy/laminectomy procedure who are not assessed for functional status postoperatively remain in the denominator and are considered as not meeting the target. The measure intent is that MIPS eligible clinicians will submit all denominator eligible procedures to be utilized for performance calculation.

 

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.

 

Denominator

Patients 18 years of age or older as of January 1 of the denominator identification period who had a lumbar discectomy/laminectomy procedure performed during the denominator identification period

Definition:

Denominator Identification Period - The twelve month period in which eligible patients have a procedure. This allows for enough time for a follow-up assessment to occur during the performance period. The denominator identification period includes dates of procedure 1/1/2019 to 12/31/2019.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged ≥ 18 years by January 1 of the Denominator Identification Period

AND

Patient procedure during the denominator identification period (CPT): 63005, 63012, 63017, 63030, 63042 and 63047

AND NOT

DENOMINATOR EXCLUSION:

Patient had any additional spine procedures performed on the same date as the lumbar discectomy/laminectomy: M1071

AND NOT

Patient had cancer, fracture or infection related to the lumbar spine OR patient had idiopathic or congenital scoliosis: G9945

Patients with a diagnosis of lumbar spine region cancer at the time of the procedure – The following codes would be sufficient to define the Denominator Exclusion (M1051) of lumbar spine region cancer- C41.2, C41.4, C79.51, C79.52, D16.6, D16.8, D48.0, D49.2

Patients with a diagnosis of lumbar spine region fracture at the time of the procedure – The following codes would be sufficient to define the Denominator Exclusion (G9945) of lumbar spine region fracture- M48.44XA, M48.45XA, M48.46XA, M48.47XA, M48.48XA, M48.54XA, M48.55XA, M48.56XA, M48.57XA, M48.58XA, S22.060A, S22.060B, S22.061A, S22.061B, S22.062A, S22.062B, S22.068A, S22.068B, S22.069A, S22.069B, S22.070A, S22.070B, S22.071A, S22.071B, S22.072A, S22.072B, S22.078A, S22.078B, S22.079A, S22.079B, S22.080A, S22.080B, S22.081A, S22.081B, S22.082A, S22.082B, S22.088A, S22.088B, S22.089A, S22.089B, S24.103A, S24.104A, S24.113A, S24.114A, S24.133A, S24.134A, S24.143A, S24.144A, S24.153A, S24.154A, S32.000A, S32.000B, S32.001A, S32.001B, S32.002A, S32.002B, S32.008A, S32.008B, S32.009A, S32.009B, S32.010A, S32.010B, S32.011A, S32.011B, S32.012A, S32.012B, S32.018A, S32.018B, S32.019A, S32.019B, S32.020A, S32.020B, S32.021A, S32.021B, S32.022A, S32.022B, S32.028A, S32.028B, S32.029A, S32.029B, S32.030A, S32.030B, S32.031A, S32.031B, S32.032A, S32.032B, S32.038A, S32.038B, S32.039A, S32.039B, S32.040A, S32.040B, S32.041A, S32.041B, S32.042A, S32.042B, S32.048A, S32.048B, S32.049A, S32.049B, S32.050A, S32.050B, S32.051A, S32.051B, S32.052A, S32.052B, S32.058A, S32.058B, S32.059A, S32.059B, S32.10XA, S32.10XB, S32.110A, S32.110B, S32.111A, S32.111B, S32.112A, S32.112B, S32.119A, S32.119B, S32.120A, S32.120B, S32.121A, S32.121B, S32.122A, S32.122B, S32.129A, S32.129B, S32.130A, S32.130B, S32.131A, S32.131B, S32.132A, S32.132B, S32.139A, S32.139B, S32.14XA, S32.14XB, S32.15XA, S32.15XB, S32.16XA, S32.16XB, S32.17XA, S32.17XB, S32.19XA, S32.19XB, S32.2XXA, S32.2XXB, S32.9XXA, S32.9XXB, S34.101A, S34.102A, S34.103A, S34.104A, S34.105A, S34.109A, S34.111A, S34.112A, S34.113A, S34.114A, S34.115A, S34.119A, S34.121A, S34.122A, S34.123A, S34.124A, S34.125A, S34.129A, S34.131A, S34.132A, S34.139A, S34.3XXA

Patients with a diagnosis of lumbar spine region infection at the time of the procedure – The following codes would be sufficient to define the Denominator Exclusion (G9945) of lumbar spine region infection- M46.25, M46.26, M46.27, M46.28, M46.35, M46.36, M46.37, M46.38, M46.45, M46.46, M46.47, M46.48, M46.55, M46.56, M46.57, M46.58

Patients with a diagnosis of lumbar idiopathic or congenital scoliosis – The following codes would be sufficient to define the Denominator Exclusion (G9945) of idiopathic or congenital scoliosis- M41.05, M41.06, M41.07, M41.08, M41.115, M41.116, M41.117, M41.125, M41.126, M41.127, M41.25, M41.26, M41.27, Q67.5, Q76.3

 

Numerator

All eligible patients whose functional status is less than or equal to 22 OR a change of 30 points or greater on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) at three months (6 to 20 weeks) postoperatively

Definition:

Measure Assessment Period (Performance Period) - The period of time following the procedure date that is in which a postoperative ODI functional status score can be obtained.

Preoperative Assessment Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) - A preoperative ODI functional assessment score can be obtained from the patient any time up to three months preoperatively, inclusive of the date of the procedure. Assessment scores obtained more than three months before the procedure will not be used for measure calculation.

Postoperative Assessment Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) - A postoperative ODI functional assessment score can be obtained from the patient three months (6 to 20 weeks) after the date of procedure. Assessment scores obtained prior to six weeks and after twenty weeks postoperatively will not be used for measure calculation. ODI can be obtained below or at the following link https://eprovide.mapi- trust.org/instruments/oswestry-disability-index

Functional Status Target #1 - A patient who is assessed postoperatively at three months (6 to 20 weeks) after the procedure rates their functional status as less than or equal to 22.
Functional Status Target #2 - A patient who does not meet Functional Status Target #1 or =is assessed both preoperatively within 3 months prior to the procedure AND postoperatively at three months (6 to 20 weeks) after the procedure AND the change is greater than or equal to 30 points.

 

NUMERATOR NOTE: It is recommended that both a preoperative and postoperative be administered to the patient increasing chances that one of the numerator targets will be met. The following situations are those in which the numerator target cannot be reached and Performance Not Met M1049 is submitted.

  • ODI is not administered postoperatively at three months (6 to 20 weeks)
  • Functional status is measured using a different patient reported functional status tool or ODI version
  • Postoperative ODI is administered less than 6 weeks or greater than 20 weeks (3 month window)
  • Postoperative ODI is greater than 22 and no valid preoperative ODI to measure change
  • Preoperative ODI (to measure change) is administered beyond the three month timeframe prior to and including the date of procedure (e.g. 6 months before procedure)

 

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Functional status measured by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) at three months (6 – 20 weeks) postoperatively was less than or equal to 22 OR Functional status measured by the ODI version 2.1a within three months preoperatively AND at three months (6 - 20 weeks) postoperatively demonstrated a change of 30 points or greater (G2144)

OR

Performance Not Met: Functional status was not measured by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) at three months (6 - 20 weeks) postoperatively (M1049)

OR

Performance Not Met: Functional status measured by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI version 2.1a) at three months (6 – 20 weeks) postoperatively was greater than 22 AND Functional status measured by the ODI version 2.1a within three months preoperatively AND at three months (6 - 20 weeks) postoperatively demonstrated a change of less than 30 points (G2145)

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