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2021 MIPS Measure #291: Parkinson’s Disease: Cognitive Impairment or Dysfunction Assessment for Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

Quality ID 291
High Priority Measure No
Specifications Registry
Measure Type Process
Specialty Neurology

Measure Description

Percentage of all patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease [PD] who were assessed for cognitive impairment or dysfunction once in the past 12 months

 

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease seen during the performance period. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.

 

Denominator

All patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease

DENOMINATOR NOTE: *Signifies that this CPT Category I code is a non-covered service under the Medicare Part B Physician Fee Schedule (PFS). These non-covered services should be counted in the denominator population for MIPS CQMs.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

All patients regardless of age

AND

Diagnosis for Parkinson’s disease (ICD-10-CM): G20

AND

Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99211, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99221, 99222, 99223, 99231, 99232, 99233, 99238, 99239, 99241*, 99242*, 99243*, 99244*, 99245*, 99251*, 99252*, 99253*, 99254*, 99255*, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310

 

Numerator

All patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease who were assessed for cognitive impairment or dysfunction once in the past 12 months

Definition:

Assessed – Is defined as use of a screening tool or referral to neuropsychologist for testing

Numerator Instructions:

Screening tools approved for use in this measure include: (1)

  • Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE)(2,3)
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)(2,3)
  • Dementia Rating Scale (DRS-2)
  • Parkinson’s Disease Dementia – Short Screen (PDD-SS)
  • Parkinson Neuropsychiatric Dementia Assessment (PANDA)
  • Parkinson’s Disease- Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS)
  • Scales for Outcomes of Parkinson’s Disease – Cognition (SCOPA- Cog)

NUMERATOR NOTE: To meet performance, the cognitive impairment or dysfunction assessment should occur within the previous 12 months from denominator eligible encounter.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Cognitive impairment or dysfunction assessed (3720F)

OR

Performance Not Met: Cognitive impairment or dysfunction was not assessed, reason not otherwise specified (3720F with 8P)

 

Rationale

Cognitive functioning impacts life satisfaction and health-related quality of life. It is anticipated that if assessed on an ongoing basis, cognitive deficits may be identified and addressed in a timely manner. Once identified, such deficits could be treated (or patients referred to appropriate resources) and thereby improve individuals quality of life.

 

Clinical Recommendation Statements

  • The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAM Cog) should be considered as screening tools for dementia in patients with PD (Level B).(4)
  • An assessment of neuropsychological functioning in a person presenting with parkinsonism suspected of being PD is recommended (Level A) and should include: (I) A collateral history from a reliable carer (II) A brief assessment of cognition (III) Screening for a rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD), psychotic manifestations and severe depression.(5)
  • Clinical history should be supplemented by an informant (GPP). A neurological and general physical examination should be performed in all patients with dementia (GPP).(6)
  • Cognitive assessment is central to diagnosis and management of dementias and should be performed in all patients (Level A). Screening tests are available of good accuracy in the general diagnosis of dementia or have been proposed specifically for the differential diagnosis between the different forms of dementia (GPP). Neuropsychological assessment should be performed in all patients in the early stages of the disease (Level B) when the cognitive impairment reflects the disruption of specific brain structures. The neuropsychological assessment should include a global cognitive measure and, in addition, more detailed testing of the main cognitive domains including memory, executive functions and instrumental functions (Level C).(6)
  • The general practitioner knows the cognitive-behavioral profile of his/her patients and can identify the clinical signs of cognitive decay at their onset, taking also into account the observation of relatives (I/A).(7)
  • General practitioners should assess all pathological conditions that could
  • In raising the diagnostic hypothesis of dementia, general practitioners should assess the presence of comorbidities and identify risk factors due to social isolation (VI/A).(7)cause cognitive disorders (VI/A).(7)

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