Percentage of patients aged 50 years and older with a diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who had a dilated macular examination performed which included documentation of the presence or absence of macular thickening or geographic atrophy or hemorrhage AND the level of macular degeneration severity during one or more office visits within the 12 month performance period.
This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients seen during the performance period. It is anticipated that Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who provide the primary management of patients with age-related macular degeneration (in either one or both eyes) will submit this measure.
Measure Submission Type:
Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third-party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third-party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.
All patients aged 50 years and older with a diagnosis of AMD
Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):
Patients aged ≥ 50 years on date of encounter
Diagnosis for age-related macular degeneration (ICD-10-CM): H35.3110, H35.3111, H35.3112, H35.3113, H35.3114, H35.3120, H35.3121, H35.3122, H35.3123, H35.3124, H35.3130, H35.3131, H35.3132, H35.3133, H35.3134, H35.3210, H35.3211, H35.3212, H35.3213, H35.3220, H35.3221, H35.3222, H35.3223, H35.3230, H35.3231, H35.3232, H35.3233
Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 92002, 92004, 92012, 92014, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99324, 99325, 99326, 99327, 99328, 99334, 99335, 99336, 99337
Telehealth Modifier: GQ, GT, 95, POS 02
Patients who had a dilated macular examination performed which included documentation of the presence or absence of macular thickening or geographic atrophy or hemorrhage AND the level of macular degeneration severity during one or more office visits within 12 months
Macular Thickening – Acceptable synonyms for “macular thickening” include: intraretinal thickening, serous detachment of the retina, pigment epithelial detachment or macular edema.
Severity of Macular Degeneration – Early, intermediate and advanced; or active choroidal neovascularization, inactive choroidal neovascularization, or with inactive scar.
Geographic Atrophy – The advanced form of non-neovascular AMD, will have one or more zones of well- demarcated retinal pigment epithelial and/or choriocapillaris atrophy.
NUMERATOR NOTE: Denominator Exception(s) are determined on or any date during the performance period prior to the date of the denominator eligible encounter.
Performance Met: Dilated macular exam performed, including documentation of the presence or absence of macular thickening or geographic atrophy or hemorrhage AND the level of macular degeneration severity(G9974)
Denominator Exception: Documentation of medical reason(s) for notperforming a dilated macular examination (G9975)
Denominator Exception: Documentation of patient reason(s) for not performing a dilated macular examination (G9892)
Performance Not Met: Dilated macular exam was not performed, reasonnot otherwise specified (G9893)
A documented complete macular examination is a necessary prerequisite to determine the presence and severity of AMD, so that a decision can be made as to the benefits of prescribing antioxidant vitamins. Furthermore, periodic assessment is necessary to determine whether there is progression of the disease and to plan the on-going treatment of the disease, since several therapies exist that reduce vision loss once the advanced neovascular form of AMD occurs. In patients with neovascular AMD, early detection and prompt treatment improves the visual outcome. Intravitreal injection therapy using anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents (e.g., aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab) is the most effective way to manage neovascular AMD and represents the first line of treatment. While no data exist on the frequency or absence of regular examinations of the macula for patients with AMD, parallel data for key structural assessments for glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy suggest that significant gaps are likely.
Clinical Recommendation Statements
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, a physical examination should include a stereoscopic biomicroscopic examination of the macula. Binocular slit-lamp biomicroscopy of the ocular fundus is often necessary to detect subtle clinical signs of CNV. These include small areas of hemorrhage, hard exudates, subretinal fluid, macular edema, subretinal fibrosis, or pigment epithelial elevation.
American Academy of Ophthalmology Retina/Vitreous Panel. Preferred Practice Pattern® Guidelines. Age-Related Macular Degeneration. San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 2019. Available at: www.aao.org/ppp